Zalmoxes ‭(‬After the Dacian deity Zalmoxis‭)

Short Info

Zalmoxes ‭(‬After the Dacian deity Zalmoxis‭)

Phonetic : Zal-mocks-ees.

Named By : David Weishampel,‭ ‬Coralia-Maria Jianu,‭ ‬Zoltan Csiki‭ & ‬David Bruce Norman‭ ‬-‭ ‬2003

Diet : Herbivore

Size : Estimated 2 – 3 meters long

Type of Dinosaur : Euornithopod

Type Species : Z.‭ ‬robustus‭ (‬type‭)‬,‭ ‬Z.‭ ‬shqiperorum

Found in : Romania,‭ ‬Transylvania‭ ‬-‭ ‬Sânpetru Formation

When it Lived : Late Cretaceous, 69 million years ago

Zalmoxes is an extinct species belonging to the rhabdodontid ornithopod dinosaurs that originated that originated from the Maastrichtian of Romania. The genus was first identified from specimens that were first identified as mochlodon robustum Mochlodon robustum in the work of Franz Nopcsa before being reclassified as Rhabdodon robustum by the scientist in 1915. In 1990, this name was changed to Rhabdodon robustus George Olshevsky, and in 2003, the species was further reclassified, but this time as the species that is the prototype Zalmoxes robustus. Zalmoxes is a reference to Zalmoxis, the Dacian divinity Zalmoxis and robustus is a reference refers to the strength that remains of it. In 2003, another species was identified, Zalmoxes shqiperorum. It was named after the Albanian name for Albanians.


Zalmoxes shqiperorumGhedoghedo, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons


Zalmoxes was first discovered through the numerous fossils discovered in Transylvania and were designated by the scientific name Mochlodon robustus after the Baron Franz Nopcsa in 1899. The exact name refers to its strong construction. In 1915, Nopcsa changed the name of the species to Rhabdodon robustum. It was amended the 2003 edition by David B. Weishampel, Coralia-Maria Jianu Zoltan Csiki, and David B. Norman. Weishampel et al. (2003) published their findings in a study of the new remains found in Romania that they believed to be the first species of R. robustus. They discovered that R. robustus to be distinct from Rhabdodon which is why they named the new species Zalmoxes to refer to the earlier. The genus is a reference to the Dacian god Zalmoxis (sometimes called Zalmoxes) who was a fugitive over three centuries in the crypt only to be revived on the fourth year. Likewise, the animal Zalmoxes was said to have, through Nopcsa been rehabilitated from its burial place to be immortalized taxonomically. The article on naming further described this by referring to an ancient Greek legend that states that Zalmoxes was an enslaved of Pythagoras who traveled across Dacia and was believed to be godlike to Dacians. Dacian people. In addition, Weishampel et al. have named the new specimens Zalmoxes shqiperorum in honor of Shqiperia which is an Albanian designation for Albania in which the country of Nopcsa has a unique relationship.

Source: Wikipedia