Syntarsus ( fused tarsus )

Short Info

Syntarsus ( fused tarsus )

Phonetic : sin-tar-sus

Named By : M. A. Raath – 1969

Diet : Carnivore

Size : Estimated 2.15 meters long

Type of Dinosaur : Small Theropod

Type Species : S. rhodesiensis (type)

Found in : South Africa, USA, Zimbabwe

When it Lived : Late Triassic, 205-190 million years ago

Syntarsus was tiny, light-built dinosaur with two legs. The creature was approximately 10 ‘ long (3 meters) and weighed between 60-70 pounds. It had hollow, light bones, a large, pointed head, a plethora of tiny, serrated teeth and lengthy neck. Syntarsus had big, four-fingered hands that had sharp claws. Syntarsus had feet with four toes and bone fusions in the ankles (these bones of the ankle were similar to those of ornithopods of the early days, although it was a saurischian dinosaur – the ankle bones were the reason Syntarsus was named after).

In a bone-bed found in Zimbabwe, Africa, about 30 fossils were discovered together. Two varieties of Syntarsus were discovered. The most abundant one was around 15% larger than the less plentiful types. Paleontologists, citing evidence of predatory birds that are present in the modern world believe that the larger fossils with the more abundant fossils were females. The smaller, less abundant fossils were males.

Syntarsus kayentakatae The first Syntarsus discovered within North America, had double crests. The species that was that was found in Africa did not have a Crest.

Syntarsus (pronounced sin-TAR-sus) was the name of a Saurischian (“lizard-hipped”) reptile and also a theropod. The species was ceratosaurian, and podokesaur. The species that is the most common is S. Rhodesiensis. Syntarsus is closely connected to Rioarribasaurus as well as Coelophysis.

Numerous Syntarsus fossils have been found in Zimbabwe as well as located in Africa in Africa, and Arizona, USA. Around thirty Syntarsus fossils were discovered in a single bone bed in Zimbabwe it is believed that the predators were a part of groups. Alongside the Syntarsus fossils, there was also the remains of a Massospondylus the prosauropod that ate plants.

Syntarsus was named as early as 1969, by the Paleontologist M. A. Raath.