Styracosaurus (Spiked lizard)
Lawrence Lambe - 1913
Estimated 5.5 meters long
S. albertensis (type)
Canada, Alberta - Dinosaur Park Formation
Late Cretaceous, 75-70 million years ago
Styracosaurus is a genus of herbivorous ceratopsian dinosaur that lived during the Late Cretaceous period, about 75-70 million years ago. The name Styracosaurus means “spiked lizard”, referring to the impressive array of spikes and horns on its skull.
Styracosaurus was a relatively large dinosaur, measuring up to 5.5 meters (18 feet) in length and weighing around 2.7 tonnes (3 tons). Its most distinctive feature was its frill, which was adorned with six long spikes that projected backwards. In addition, it had a single horn on its nose and a pair of long brow horns above its eyes.
Styracosaurus was a herbivore, using its powerful beak to crop tough vegetation. It likely lived in herds and may have used its impressive skull ornamentation for display or defense against predators.
Styracosaurus is known from numerous fossils found in western North America, particularly in the Dinosaur Park Formation of Alberta, Canada. Its remains have been well-preserved, and scientists have been able to learn a great deal about this fascinating dinosaur from the many skeletons and skull fragments that have been discovered.