Archaeoceratops ‭(‬Ancient horned face‭)

Short Info

Archaeoceratops ‭(‬Ancient horned face‭)

Phonetic : Ar-kay-oh-seh-rah-tops.

Named By : Dong‭ & ‬Azuma‭ ‬-‭ ‬1997

Diet :Herbivore

Size : Estimated 90cm long

Type of Dinosaur : Ceratopsian

Type Species : A.‭ ‬oshimai‭ (‬type‭)‬,‭ ‬A.‭ ‬yujingziensis

Found in : China‭ ‬-‭ ‬Gansu Province

When it Lived : Early Cretaceous, 121-99 million years ago

Archaeoceratops which means “ancient horned face”, is a basal neoceratopsian dinosaurs from the Early Cretaceous (Aptian stage) of north central China. It is believed to have been bipedal and petite (about 1 meter in length) with a large head. In contrast to other later ceratopsians they did not have teeth, with only a tiny bony frill that extended from the rear part of the head.
Two specimens were discovered inside The Middle Gray Unit of the Xinminbao Group, Gongpoquan Basin of the Mazong Shan area of Gansu Province North Central China. The species of type, A. oshimai, was identified after Dong Zhiming and Azuma in 1997. It was the first basal neoceratopsian to be discovered in this region.


Archaeoceratops
Hai-Lu You and Peter Dodson, CC BY 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons


The specimen of type, IVPP V11114, consists of a partial skeleton comprising skull and pelvis, caudal vertebrae and the majority of the hind foot. The second one (paratype), IVPP V11115 comprises an incomplete skeleton that has the caudal vertebrae being well preserved, a comparatively well preserved series, a part of the hind leg, and a fully preserved foot. It is smaller than the holoctype.

Archaeoceratops as with the majority of ceratopsians were herbivores. The Cretaceous was a time when flowers could be “geographically limited on the landscape” which is why it is possible that this dinosaur ate the dominant species of the time such as cycads, ferns, and conifers. It could have utilized its sharp beak to cut off the needles or leaves and then chop the pieces into pieces that were then swallowed.

Source: Wikipedia